May 3, 2017
Written by Deus Ngowi
This article originally appeared on AllAfrica.
HIV testing will be a key component of a new study to be undertaken in Tanzania Mainland and Zanzibar to determine the extent of HIV/AIDS disease.
HIV, or Human Immunodeficiency Virus, is the virus that causes AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome). HIV attacks the immune system by destroying CD4 positive (CD4+) T cells, a type of white blood cells that is vital to fighting off infection.
The destruction of the cells leaves people living with HIV vulnerable to other infections, diseases and complications. Nearly 37 million people are living with HIV around the world.
Although progress has been made in the global fight against HIV/AIDS, the epidemic continues in many countries. Globally, AIDSrelated deaths have dropped by 45 percent since their peak in 2004.