September 7, 2018
Healthy Living With HIV
Written by U.S. Centers for Disease Control
Can My HIV or My HIV Treatment Affect My Diet and Nutrition?
Yes. People with HIV sometimes face issues that can affect their nutrition, such as:
- Changes in your body’s metabolism;
- Medicines that can upset your stomach;
- Opportunistic infections that can cause issues with eating and swallowing, like oral candidiasis and Kaposi sarcoma; and
- Foods that can affect antiretroviral therapy (ART) (like raw meats and fish).
- Any of these problems can affect your body’s ability to absorb the nutrients necessary to stay in good health.
No matter your HIV status, healthy eating is good for your overall health. If you are living with HIV, following a healthy diet offers several benefits:
- Provides the energy and nutrients your body needs to fight HIV and other infections,
- Maintains a healthy weight,
- Manages HIV symptoms and complications, and
- Improves absorption of medicines and helps manage potential side effects.
- Talk to your health care provider about your diet, and ask specific questions about what steps you should take to maintain good nutrition. He or she may refer you to a nutritionist or dietitian with whom you can talk about your nutrition needs.
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