September 8, 2017

Antiretroviral Therapy Use and HIV Control Rates Rising in Young U.S. Adults: 2009-2013

This article originally appeared on The Body.

Rates of antiretroviral therapy (ART) prescription and sustained viral suppression rose in young U.S. adults from 2009 through 2013, according to analysis of a nationally representative sample in the Medical Monitoring Project (MMP). But, by 2013, fewer than two-thirds of young adults had attained viral suppression on their last test.

Prior study of all adults in the MMP determined that the ART prescription rate rose from 89% in 2009 to 94% in 2013. Over those same years, the proportion of people with an undetectable viral load on their last measure climbed from 72% to 80%. But a 2011 MMP study calculated that only 13% of young adults with HIV achieve viral suppression, and young adults are less likely than older adults to take ART, adhere to ART or reach an undetectable viral load. However, a 2002-2010 study in another U.S. cohort charted rising ART use and falling viremia in youth.

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